Humans do already have the main nature as a social creature which means that people in running their lives must always interact with others and help each other to meet the needs of life. But now, apparently, not everyone will feel comfortable when in the middle of the crowd or interact with others. In normal circumstances, the human being is divided into two main types the first is the extrovert type in which a person who likes to mingle and avoids loneliness or solitude. While the second type is the type of introvert which someone who prefers to be alone in a state of calm and interact with people around when it’s needed. Basically, it is a normal condition but can be a problem if the social environment becomes a form of phobia or excessive fear. So in the world of psychology itself is known as social anxiety disorder DSM 5 which is already signed and recognized in the diagnosis book of psychiatric disorders. Therefore this article will be discussed about the symptoms and the impact of the disorder.
Excessive fear in the social environment itself is one form of anxiety disorder where the sufferer will feel very uncomfortable even as much as possible avoid being in the crowd. In general, it is caused by negative thoughts in a person. The thought is usually a fear of being judged or criticized by others, afraid of making a public shameful mistake or even fear if not accepted by the surrounding environment. In general, people with this disorder are teenagers under the age of 25 years. If not immediately get a good handling people with this disorder may lose confidence and self-esteem, it is according to the social anxiety disorder DSM 5. According to some studies ever done social anxiety disorder basically triggered by three factors. The first factor is the offspring where some experts believe that genetic factors also have a big role in the emergence of this social anxiety disorder. In addition, the next factor is the physiological factor where the problem is believed in the amygdala part which is the center of fear management. When someone who experiences anxiety then the fear that arises will be greater so that the amygdala becomes too active. Finally, the environment also plays an important role in the emergence of this social anxiety disorder. Where parenting patterns that are too restrained the child space will increase the likelihood of children experiencing this disorder in the future.
The symptoms of social anxiety disorder DSM 5 itself is actually very easy to observe because it can easily appear when someone is in the middle of the crowd. Here are some of the symptoms of social anxiety disorders that are generally felt include heart palpitations, cold sweat when meeting with others, stiff gesture, slow talk or not talking at all, avoiding direct eye contact, nausea, dizziness, and trembling body. To establish a diagnosis of this disorder cannot be done directly because it still requires a deep observation. However, someone who has an anxiety disorder if not treated immediately will have a poor quality of life. Because he is unable to run his basic nature as a human being and as a social being who must always interact with others to meet the needs of his life.